Leveraging access to various entitlements
Government of India and State Governments are implementing a wide range of programmes to address different dimensions of poverty and deprivation. Major Government programmes impacting on the poor can broadly be classified as –
- Entitlements – PDS, MGNREGS, social security, Right to education etc.;
- Improving quality of life – Health & nutrition, clean drinking water, sanitation, permanent housing, electricity etc.;
- Enhancing capabilities – Elementary education, vocational, technical education, skills enhancement, etc.;
- Creating livelihoods opportunities – Institutional finance, Agriculture, animal husbandry, watersheds, MSME development, food processing, etc.;
- Physical Infrastructure Schemes – Roads, electricity, telecommunications, etc.
Effectiveness of these programmes can be vastly enhanced with linkages between the institutions of the poor, PRIs and the respective line ministries. The convergence and partnerships would enable them and us to develop different models for service delivery. NSRLM would work on developing these partnerships and build synergies.
Panchayati Raj Institutions: NRLM will ensure that mutually beneficial working relationship and formal platforms for consultations, between Panchayats and institutions of the poor are put in place in a manner that PRIs are actively involved in various activities of NRLM but the autonomy of the institutions of poor is also preserved/ protected.
Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and other Civil Society Organizations (CSOs):The learning from the rich grassroots experience and demonstrations of NGOs and other CSOs has influenced MoRD and the state departments to formulate new strategies and fine tune existing strategies for improving livelihoods and reducing poverty. The partnerships with them would be critical and within the ambit of the national framework for partnership with NGOs and other CSOs, guided by NRLM core beliefs and values.
Academic, Training and Research Institutions: NRLM, with emphasis on ‘professionally competent and dedicated implementation structures’ at various levels and would partner with academic and training institutions for curriculum design, training pedagogy, faculty/ trainer development and for training and developing professionals across. It would partner with research institutions/centers of excellence for research/diagnosis tools and policy and strategic planning through field/action research, social observatories to monitor trends, etc.
Public-Public, Public-Private, Public-Private-Community Partnerships: NRLM would work with RBI, NABARD, Banks and other Financial Institutions, and Insurance Companies. It would build platforms for Public-Private-Community Partnerships in key livelihoods sectors like agriculture, livestock, non-farm sectors, for developing select value chains or product clusters. It would build value-chain based business partnerships and market linkages. It would also build a variety of partnerships for poor to increase the access to their rights and entitlements, public services, expertise and other services.